" Noncollinear spin configurations in ultrathin magnetic films"
by Rózsa Levente (MTA Wigner FK SZFI)
Tuesday, September 19th, 2017 from to (Europe/Budapest)
at KFKI campus ( Bldg.1. Meeting Room )
Noncollinear spin configurations such as chiral domain walls, spin spirals and magnetic skyrmions play an essential role in spintronics applications, providing promising prospects for the development of future high-speed memory and logic devices. Recently the most widely investigated mechanism in this field is the Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya interaction, appearing due to the presence of inversion symmetry breaking at surfaces and interfaces and the strong spin-orbit coupling from heavy metal substrates. Using ab initio calculations and classical spin model simulations, we demonstrate how the presence of frustrated Heisenberg exchange interaction interplays with the Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya interaction, changing the interaction potential landscape for isolated skyrmions  and stabilizing localized configurations with different topological charges . We also show an example of how interaction parameters resolved within atomic layers can explain a significant modulation of the magnetic period length in ultrathin films, recently investigated in three-atomic-layer-thick Fe films grown on Ir(111) surface using spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy experiments .
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